The village of Szebnie lies southeast of Krakow. From October 1941 to spring 1942, the Germans ran a transit camp for Soviet prisoners of war. there in twenty horse stable barracks. Many people died of hunger and disease in the camp. From March 1943 until the liberation by the Red Army in September 1944, a forced labour camp existed there for persecuted Jews and non-Jews, including Poles, Ukrainians, and Sinti and Roma. Several thousand Jews who had been evacuated from ghettos in the neighbouring areas were shot and killed by the Germans there. The remaining Jews were deported to Auschwitz.