The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials

The six Frankfurt trials against 24 German guards from Auschwitz were among the most important trials of Nazi crimes. The trials began in 1963 and ended in 1965: three defendants were acquitted; the others received prison sentences. The trials had a lasting impact on the discourse over how Germany addressed its Nazi past. The trials were also the start of a debate on the statute of limitations for murder. In 1979, the Bundestag lifted this time limit, making it possible to further prosecute murder.

Der Auschwitz-Prozess im Frankfurter Rathaus. Frankfurt am Main, 20. Dezember 1963 © imago images / United Archives
The Auschwitz Trial in the Frankfurt city hall. Frankfurt am Main, 20 December 1963 © Imago Stock&People/

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