From School to Jewish Forced Labour
Hans Gustav Goldmann (1922-1943) grows up in Berlin-Dahlem as one of the three children of Anita and Franz Goldmann. Franz Goldmann is a successful merchant and, as a former front-line soldier, feels safe from the anti-Jewish measures of the National Socialists for a long time. Hans, on the other hand, feels early on that he must behave inconspicuously at school. As the only Jew, he experiences various harassments from teachers and classmates. With the increasingly harsh laws against Jews in 1939, the family's economic and social situation changes dramatically. They have to sell their house and land in Dahlem and try to organise emigration to Brazil. It is not known why this escape attempt fails. Thus, in 1941, the father and 18-year-old Hans are sent by the labour office to the"Segregated labour deployment" a separate workforce made up of Jewish forced labourers. Hans was assigned to the Siemens electric motor factory. Although he worked hard and earned very little, he felt safe in the company that was deemed vital to the war effort. But then, in January 1943, he too was deported. He was the last member of his family to be sent to Auschwitz, where he was murdered.